|Characteristic circular skin rash called erythema migrans|
is an emerging infectious disease caused by at least three species of bacteria belonging to the genus Borrelia. Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato is the main cause of Lyme disease in the United States, whereas Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii cause most European cases. The disease is named after the town of Lyme, Connecticut, USA, where a number of cases were identified in 1975. Although Allen Steere realized in 1978 that Lyme disease was a tick-borne disease, the cause of the disease remained a mystery until 1982, when B. burgdorferi was identified by Willy Burgdorfer.
Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne disease in the Northern Hemisphere. Borrelia is transmitted to humans by the bite of infected ticks belonging to a few species of the genus Ixodes ("hard ticks"). Early symptoms may include fever, headache, fatigue, depression, and a characteristic circular skin rash called erythema migrans. Left untreated, later symptoms may involve the joints, heart, and central nervous system. In most cases, the infection and its symptoms are eliminated by antibiotics, especially if the illness is treated early. Delayed or inadequate treatment can lead to the more serious symptoms, which can be disabling and difficult to treat. Occasionally, symptoms persist after the infection has been treated with antibiotics, prompting suggestions that Borrelia causes autoimmunity.
Video o americkém lékaři co jako jediný léčí Boreliózu. Minimálně se v ČR nepopírá existence chronické boreliozy. V USA probíhá aktivní hon na čarodějnice ve snaze zbavit se všech "pokoutných" doktorů, kteří si dovolí boreliózu léčit. Přikládám několikaminutový dokument o snad jediném pediatrovi v USA, který boreliózu léčí, a ke kterému létají pacienti ze všech koutů Ameriky. Zkušený pan doktor, který zachránil život víc než 9000 dětem, je za své činy souzen.
Dr. Charles Ray Jones is the leading Lyme disease pediatrician in the world, and is now in jeopardy of losing his medical license. Read this URGENT call to action from Dr. Jones:
CHARLES RAY JONES, M.D.
111 Park Street, 1st Floor
New Haven, Connecticut 06511
Document references Steere AC, Malawista SE, Snydman DR, et al; Lyme arthritis: an epidemic of oligoarticular arthritis in children and adults in three connecticut communities. Arthritis Rheum. 1977 Jan-Feb;20(1):7-17. [abstract]
Burgdorfer W, Barbour AG, Hayes SF, et al; Lyme disease-a tick-borne spirochetosis? Science. 1982 Jun 18;216(4552):1317-9. [abstract]
Lyme borreliosis/Lyme disease, Health Protection Agency
No authors listed; Lyme disease--United States, 2001-2002. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2004 May 7;53(17):365-9. [abstract]
Lyme disease, Clinical Knowledge Summaries (January 2010)
Wormser GP, Dattwyler RJ, Shapiro ED, et al; The clinical assessment, treatment, and prevention of lyme disease, human granulocytic anaplasmosis, and babesiosis: clinical practice guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis. 2006 Nov 1;43(9):1089-134. Epub 2006 Oct 2. [abstract]
Logigian EL, Kaplan RF, Steere AC; Successful treatment of Lyme encephalopathy with intravenous ceftriaxone. J Infect Dis. 1999 Aug;180(2):377-83. [abstract]
Nadelman RB, Nowakowski J, Fish D, et al; Prophylaxis with single-dose doxycycline for the prevention of Lyme disease after an Ixodes scapularis tick bite. N Engl J Med. 2001 Jul 12;345(2):79-84. [abstract]
Seltzer EG, Gerber MA, Cartter ML, et al; Long-term outcomes of persons with Lyme disease. JAMA. 2000 Feb 2;283(5):609-16. [abstract]
Dinser R, Jendro MC, Schnarr S, et al; Antibiotic treatment of Lyme borreliosis: what is the evidence? Ann Rheum Dis. 2005 Apr;64(4):519-23. [abstract]
Correct Method of Tick Removal, Borreliosis and Associated Diseases Awareness UK Website.
EUCALB - European Union Concerted Action on Lyme Borreliosis; A pan-European information site supported by an advisory board comprising an expert group of physicians and biologists from across Europe.